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Leptospirosis

 
Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. These bacteria are in the urine of infected rodents, cattle, pigs, dogs, goats, etc. Infected animals excrete the bacteria into water and soil. Humans get infected through ingestion of contaminated food and water, through contact with urine from infected animals or with a urine-contaminated environment. The bacteria enter the body through mucous membranes, cuts, abrasions, etc.

Signs & Symptoms
Acute high fever, severe headache, muscle aches around calf or femur, nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, red eyes, meningitis, rash, coughing up a small amount of blood.

Prevention
Keeping areas around dwelling clean; cutting grass; removal of rubbish; leaving no food around; properly covering of food and drinking water; eating cooked and hot food; washing hands after handling all animals; wearing boots when access to pools, ponds, damp soil; washing promptly after exposure to water bodies or soil suspected to be contaminated with animal urine.

 

 
 
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